SELF CARE DURING 1st TRIMESTER – Healthy Pregnancy, Precaution for Pregnancy

Pregnancy is the most beautiful gift for women. A new life has found shelter into your uterus. At this amazing moment, you have to take care of yourself and your new life from the 1st day of pregnancy.

FIRST TRIMESTER SYMPTOMS

  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Aversions to food
  • Heartburn and acidity
  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen and tender breast
  • Puffiness of legs, hands, and face
  • Visual disturbances

SELF CARE DURING 1ST TRIMESTER

  • TAKE FOLIC ACID SUPPLEMENT regularly as Folic acid helps in the neural tube development of the fetus. It prevents the baby from anencephaly and spina bifida. Start taking Folic acid 400 mg supplement.
  • TAKE BALANCED AND HEALTHY DIET – Eat fiber-rich foods to reduce constipation. Avoid preservatives and processed foods. Take plenty of calcium-rich foods vegetables like broccoli, spinach, cauliflower, small fishes. your food should include vitamin d rich items like egg yolk, milk, fish liver oil and carbohydrates like lentils, dairy products milk, yogurt, sweet corn, bananas, wholegrain cereals, wholegrain bread, brown rice, potatoes with skin, oatmeal, etc. Avoid rich, spicy or junk foods like chips, ice cream, canned foods, white bread, white rice, fishes that contain mercury, excess caffeine, Herbal teas, sugar-rich foods, etc. Always stay hydrated.
  • EXERCISE – Regular exercise is necessary during 1st Trimester of pregnancy. It keeps you active and full of energy. Start exercise with brisk walking, jogging, swimming, yoga, etc. Exercising at least 30 mins per day is beneficial for the mother’s health. Exercise ensured that weight gain stays at a minimum, while it can improve your mental state and possibly even help when it’s time to go into labor. Moderate exercise is beneficial for both mother and child. Do Kegels exercises daily to help prevent urinary incontinence. Thus exercise reduces stress and anxiety, fatigue, constipation hypertension, morning sickness. Bouncy or jerky exercises must be avoided during pregnancy
  • REST OFTEN – Mother should take adequate rest every day. It is essential to sleep at least 8 hours per day.
  • AVOID MEDICATION – Don’t take unnecessary medicines even over the counter drugs or herbal products. Always take advice from your gynecologist before taking any medication.
  • AVOID SMOKING – During pregnancy smoking must be stopped as it is harmful to both mother and child.
  • AVOID ALCOHOL – Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to Foetal Alcohol Syndrome. It includes short height, low birth weight, low intelligence, visual and hearing disturbance of the baby.
  • AVOID PETS – Exposer to pets like cats as it increases the chance of maternal toxoplasmosis.
  • STAY HYDRATED – Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration. Adequate hydration is essential for maternal and child health.
  • AVOID WEIGHTS LIFTING AND BENDING
  • TAKE APPOINTMENT WITH YOUR GYNECOLOGIST DOCTOR EARLY – for a routine check-up and proper guidance of your pregnancy.
  • GENETIC TEST – Consider common genetic tests like nuchal translucency screening through USG (Ultrasonography) for the diagnosis of down syndrome. Serological tests like the Triple marker test may be advised by your obstetrician. Triple marker test includes serum AFP (alpha-fetoprotein), Beta HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), Estriol. It is useful for the diagnosis of chromosomal anomalies like Down syndrome or Edward syndrome.

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